Religious Discrimination Across Europe
Prohibitions against discrimination on the basis of religion are a fundamental legal principle in many countries, but the enforcement is a growing challenge. Immigration is changing the demographics of many European states, creating growing tensions between religious freedom and secularism, between religious identification and the idea of citizenship. Multiculturalism as an expression of religious tolerance may present a challenge to ideas of personal freedom defined in a country. In the United States and Canada the founding idea of ‘melting pot’ presumes a blending of difference that is at odds with the desires of certain religious communities. Evangelical Christianity may also vigorously test the boundaries of separation of church and state.